The Batwa people are the ancient inhabitant of the forests of south western Uganda and regarded themselves as the keepers of the forest. The Batwa people lived in a harmonious state with the forests gathering plats for medicine and food. They complimented their survival with small game hunting. This tribe of hunter gatherer is known to have lived in the trees and caves of the equatorial Africa for over 60, 000 years or more. With the gazettion of their dwelling places as protected to ensure the continued protection of mountain gorillas, the Batwa’ life started to change in 1992 after Bwindi Mgahinga Conservation Area had been gazetted.
The counts of the Batwa passed away in exile as they tried to cope up with life that they were not accustomed to. They were put to the forest margins and exposed to the life that they never understood. The society around stigmatized them which greatly affected their wellbeing.
The Batwa used bows and arrows to hunt most of their livelihood depended on natural resources. Physically they are short than an average person and were used to putting on animal skins. The Batwa gathered wild honey, made Bamboo Cups and a centralized chieftaincy where the famous Ngarama Cave in Mgahinga Gorilla National Park provides a center for their encounter.
The Batwa are keen dancers and do the jumping and rhythmic stomping which demonstrates passion and energy in their dancing area. They play an African hand harp that is made from wood an thin metal strands present a melodious music play.